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THE PERSON OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. The Work of the Holy Spirit in Salvation; 8. The Holy Spirit in Relation to the Unsaved World; 6. In any case, the instances are numerous and well scattered throughout the Old Testament. ), and in the books of Moses. Although He is equal with the Father and the Son, He is lesser in terms of role and submits to both (John 15:26). Thayer defines it, “Money which in purchases is given as a pledge that the full amount will subsequently be paid.”21 The Holy Spirit Himself rather than His gifts is the Earnest. To this end, this article will constitute another voice testifying to the fact that the study of the Persons of the Trinity is foundational to all theological truth. See our Privacy Policy for more information. The Holy Spirit Himself is the Seal. Chicago, IL 60610 (800) DL-MOODY. This potential confusion of understanding is quite easily avoided by realizing that the Bible teaches that the Holy Spirit is not a person but the power by which the Father gave human life to Jesus in the womb of Mary. The second outgoing of the dove is parallel to the second outgoing of the Spirit during the life of Christ. Our inheritance, our salvation, our glory, our fellowship with God, our likeness unto Him, our freedom from sin and its evils, all are represented in the token payment of the Person of the Spirit. Who. You're all things. The current trend has been to emphasize the present work of the Spirit without a due consideration of His Person without which His work has no real foundation. F. E. Marsh adds to these suggestions that (5) “Among men a seal signifies a finished transaction”; (6) that the seal constitutes a mark of recognition; (7) that the seal implies secrecy and (8) obligation; and that “the seal leaves an impression upon the wax which corresponds to it,” i.e., is evidenced in the life of the believer.24 It is an evidence of the grace of God that such assurance should be given the believer in this age. Q. While personification of things material and immaterial is common, such uses of the personal pronouns are quite obvious and do not cause confusion. The Spirit as one who manifests grace is revealed in the titles, Spirit of Grace (Heb 10:29), and the Spirit of Grace and Supplication (Zech 12:10). The Spirit of Life (Rom 8:2) is the agent of regeneration. Holy Spirit - key Chapter 1 of 3. In the tribulation period the Spirit will be involved in salvation and filling.25 In the coming kingdom of Jesus Christ, the Spirit will be in God's people and the Spirit will be upon the King.26, 1 John 14:26; Romans 8:14; John 14:26; Romans 8:26, 2 Ephesians 4:30; 1 Corinthians 2:10–14; 1 Corinthians 12:11, 5 Acts 5:1–4; Isaiah 6:8–9 with Acts 28:25; Jeremiah 31:31–34; with Hebrews 10:15, 6 1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19; Ephesians 2:22, 7 1 Corinthians 2:10–11; Psalm 139:7; Zechariah 4:6; Hebrews 9:14, 8 Genesis 1:2; John 3:6; 2 Thessalonians 2:13, 11 Genesis 6:3; Genesis 1:2; Isaiah 40:12, 16 Romans 12: 1, 2; Ephesians 5:18; Colossians 3:16, 21 2 Corinthians 1:22; Ephesians 1:13; 4:30, 23 Romans 12; 1 Corinthians 12; Ephesians 4, Dr. John Perkins with wise words to the church on race, Moody Bible Institute820 N. LaSalle Blvd. His power is uncontrolled by human invention. John 14 14 "Do not let your hearts be troubled. We may see, then, in the work of both the Son and the Spirit, an illustration of the respective doctrines of eternal generation and procession. Even so … As soon as … The use of a dove as a type of the Holy Spirit is strikingly brought to our attention in the description of the baptism of Christ. The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament; 3. While the instances of association are not as conclusive in their argument as those proving the identification of the Holy Spirit and God, their added weight makes the case for the deity of the Holy Spirit more clearly irrefragable. The experience of the Christian life and faith enters into these realities and affirms that it is most natural for Christians to regard the Holy Spirit as they would regard a person. While the doctrine of procession is more theological than Biblical, it is in harmony with the Scriptures as will be seen later, and an important evidence for the deity of the Holy Spirit. The reference is to the work of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost. International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, v.s., Oil. The Holy Spirit Is a Person. In 2 Samuel 23:2, 3, the Spirit of Jehovah and the God of Israel are identified. The Scriptures make it clear. Oil played an important part in the sacrifices (Lev 1-7). in time. The Holy Spirit in Relation to the Person and Work of Christ; 5. No other mention is made of them in the New Testament, but the Old Testament reference is more frequent. This is done unconsciously rather than deliberately, their relation to the Spirit effecting this response. The attributes of the Holy Spirit demand His personality. 23 Cf. We see this in a … The titles of the Holy Spirit as commonly translated are subject to significant classification which furnishes an interesting background for the doctrine. What did John mean when he said Jesus would baptize with the Holy Spirit and with fire? A number of Scripture references indicate that the Holy Spirit constitutes a seal of the believer’s redemption (2 Cor 1:22; Eph 1:13; 4:30). ), in Ezekiel (590 B.C. ”a helper, succorer, aider, assistant; so of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles.”18 It is found frequently in the New Testament (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). (3) The Holy Spirit is omnipresent (Ps 139:7), an attribute only God may possess. The Holy Spirit is a person, as Scripture makes clear. It is clear that if the Holy Spirit is God, He is also a person. People. The doctrine of the deity of the Holy Spirit has an intimate logical relation to the doctrine of the personality of the Spirit. In reference to the Spirit, then, water speaks of eternal life, of cleansing by washing, of the unlimited abundance of blessing, and spiritual refreshment. Happy New Year: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives, 4. If it may be assumed here that God possesses personality, if the Holy Spirit is a Person of the Trinity, He in turn possesses personality. PLAY. In connection with the sovereign bestowal of spiritual gifts on men, the Spirit is said to accomplish this “as he will” (1 Cor 12:11). The person of the Holy Spirit The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Triune God. 44:45. The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament; 4. In the tabernacle, the pure olive oil which kept the lamp burning continually in the holy place speaks eloquently of the ministry of the Holy Spirit in revelation and illumination, without which the showbread (Christ) would be unseen in the darkness, and the way into the holiest of all would not be made plain (Exod 27:20-21). On the occasion of Pentecost, a “sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind” was heard. The significance of the singular points to the fact that the final name of God is, “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.” The Holy Spirit is essential to the Triune God. Subsequent articles will deal with the Work of the Holy Spirit.]. 22 terms. We live in a physical, three-dimensional world in which we can see, smell, touch and hear. On the human level, possession of life is taken as proof of possession of personality, one without the other being impossible. He is the third person of the divine trinity and of the God-Head involving, God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. In this frequently quoted verse, the Persons of the Trinity are displayed in all their equality, and accorded equal honor. Blasphemy in its nature is an act against deity. There we see that the antecedent of the masculine ἐκεῖνος (a masculine word for “that person”) is πνεῦμα (a neuter word for “Spirit”). 4:4-7). The person of the Holy Spirit is not only forgotten by those whom we describe as liberals or modernists in their theology (that is always true of them), but we ourselves are often guilty of … The doctrine of procession has to do with the being and eternity of the Holy Spirit in His relation to the Father and the Son. In this video I discuss whether the Holy Spirit is a person or not and the biblical definition of personhood. On that occasion all four Gospels mention that the Holy Spirit descended upon Christ in the form of a dove (Matt 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22; John 1:32). In addition to these, two other titles are given the Holy Spirit, affirming His works. (4) The eternity of the Spirit is seen in the title, Eternal Spirit (Heb 9:14). Another title of the Holy Spirit, which does not involve the name spirit, however, is that of Comforter, from παράκλητος, meaning, according to Thayer, when used in its widest sense. The attributes of omniscience (1 Cor 2:10-11) is evidence of the existence of mind and intelligence on a plane of deity. The remaining lines of evidence are even more important. (2) The work of the Holy Spirit in regeneration (John 3:6) likewise is clearly in the realm of a work of God. the Holy Spirit exercises a moral and sovereign will comparable to that of the other Persons of the Trinity. The descriptive adjective holy is used to distinguish Him from other spirits, which are creatures. Oh, Peace. Of importance here is the relation of this doctrine to the deity of the Holy Spirit. In the former instance it is significant of eternal life in abundance; in the latter case, it indicates the unending blessings flowing from His Person and work, the meaning made clear by the use of the term, rivers of living water. Another instance of identification of Jehovah and the Holy Spirit is found in Jeremiah 31:31-34 and Hebrews 10:15. According to the Scriptures, it is possible to sin against the Holy Spirit (Isa 63:10); grieve Him (Eph 4:30); reverence Him (Ps 51:11); and obey Him (Acts 10:19-21). The nature of the attributes are such that they could not all be communicated to a creature. The Spirit of wisdom (Eph 1:17), the Spirit of Wisdom and Understanding, the Spirit of Counsel and Might, the Spirit of Knowledge and of the Fear of the Lord (Isa 11:2) speak of the several ministries of God in teaching, guiding and strengthening the saint. • He has a purpose, which is leading us into all truth. The following verse give a clear picture of the Trinity in the Bible: Jehovah is used of all three Persons of the Trinity severally as well as of the Trinity corporately. The Nicene Creed, for instance, states: “And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and giver of life, who proceedeth from the Father and the Son, who with the Father and Son together, is worshipped and glorified.”9 The Athanasian Creed speaks of it more briefly, “The Holy Ghost is of the Father and of the Son, neither made, nor created, nor begotten, but proceeding.”10 In more recent times, the Articles of the English Church state the doctrine: “The Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father and the Son, is of one substance, majesty, and glory, with the Father and the Son, very and eternal God.”11 The Westminster Confession of Faith has a similar statement: “In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons of one substance, power, and eternity; God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. Life on a moral plane is always associated with personality. The identification is not of Person but of Essence. That would make the Holy Spirit the “father” of Jesus, if the Holy Spirit were a person. The Scriptures explicitly affirm that the Holy Spirit exercises a moral and sovereign will comparable to that of the other Persons of the Trinity. The sum of this revelation is such that it constitutes conclusive evidence for the deity of the Holy Spirit. "22, The Holy Spirit sovereignly bestows spiritual gifts or abilities for service to every believer.23 Although His restraint of evil in the world today will cease with the rapture,24 He will continue to be present in the earth. 3. Log in Sign up. The most obvious difficulty with the view of the Greek Church is that the Holy Spirit is operative in the Old Testament, and the procession was then a fact (Ps 104:30). Cummings lists eighty-eight references to the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament.13 The American Standard Version of the Bible by means of initial capital letters indicates considerably more than this. A mere influence or emanation does not create, empower, teach, guide, pray, or command. The order of discussion is alphabetical. He states that the first visit of the dove is significant of the visit of the Holy Spirit during the patriarchal and prophetic ages, vainly seeking a godly seed (Mal 2:15). The work of F. E. Marsh goes far to illustrate the beauties in this type.19. The Holy Spirit has the Attributes of a Person. The matter of interpretation enters into the problem. This was a work never repeated. It is inconceivable that the Scriptures should turn from the normal neuter to the masculine unless a person is in view. In speaking of the Son, the Scriptures affirm His generation eternally (Ps 2:7), while in speaking of the Spirit, the word proceed is used, as we have seen. The Holy Spirit is God, the third person of the trinity. The Spirit of God dwells within Christians, directing them to follow His will in their lives. 20 Unpublished notes on Genesis, taken stenographically, Oct 10, 1931. The Holy Spirit is more than a force—He’s a Person. The other approach, which is taken here, is through the explicit reference of Scripture, revealing certain attributes. It reveals the Holy Spirit as one who is always ready to help the Christian. Of the many titles and variations in reference to the Holy Spirit, sixteen reveal His relationship to the other Persons of the Trinity. As the Holy Spirit possesses life, personality is necessary. Eleven titles are found relating the Holy Spirit to the Father: (1) Spirit of God (Gen 1:2; Matt 3:16); (2) Spirit of the Lord (Luke 4:18); (3) Spirit of Our God (1 Cor 6:11); (4) His Spirit (Num 11:29); (5) Spirit of Jehovah (Judg 3:10); (6) Thy Spirit (Ps 139:7); (7) Spirit of the Lord God (Isa 61:1); (8) Spirit of your Father (Matt 10:20); (9) Spirit of the living God (2 Cor 3:3); (10) My Spirit (Gen 6:3); (11) Spirit of Him (Rom 8:11). The very nature of procession points to its eternity. F. E. Marsh illustrates it in this manner: ”‘All things are ours,’ not as to actual or full enjoyment, but as to possession or security; just as a child who is heir to property left to him, and is allowed a certain part of it until he becomes of age, when he may enter into and enjoy the whole, is assured the property is none the less his, although he has not come into full possession.”22. It was used in the anointing of the priests and the consecration of the tabernacle (Lev 8). The Work of the Holy Spirit in Salvation; 7. At least seventeen of His titles indicate the divine attributes of His Person. The use of the masculine form, ἐκεῖνος, makes the personality of the Holy Spirit clearly the intent of the passage. As πνεῦμα is neuter, it would naturally take neuter pronouns to have grammatical agreement. While the nature of procession is largely inscrutable, it is an expression in human words based on the Scriptural revelation of the relationship of the Persons of the Trinity to each other. It is a fundamental revelation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, in the sense that the Father is a Person, and the Son is a Person. (2) The Spirit of Faith (2 Cor 4:13), while perhaps impersonal, and in this case not referring to the Holy Spirit as such, if admitted as a reference, it indicates the ministry of the Spirit in producing faith in us. From the various uses of oil in the Bible, we may conclude that oil bespeaks of holiness, sanctification, revelation, illumination, dedication, and healing. In a different way, Isaiah experienced such a cleansing and preparation in his call to service (Isa 6:6, 7). That it is used typically in reference to the Holy Spirit is clear from John 4:14; 7:38-39. In like manner, the presence of the Holy Spirit is said to be the presence of God. While this is not explicitly related to the Spirit, it is indicated in the context that the wind “filled all the house where they were sitting” (Acts 2:2), and that “they were filled with the Holy Ghost” (Acts 2:4). His presence is of great significance, entirely apart from His ministries. First, the Holy Spirit … The third outgoing of the dove is typical of the present ministry of the Holy Spirit in redemption.20, The accepted meaning of ἀρραβών, translated earnest in its three occurrences in the New Testament (2 Cor 1:22; 5:5; Eph 1:14), is that of a pledge or token payment. Dr. While it is not the purpose of the present discussion to examine the nature of His works, it is sufficient proof of His personality merely to name them. It may be concluded therefore, without further summation of the arguments, that the case for the deity of the Holy Spirit is impregnable. In the nature of the case, every discussion of any portion of either the Person or work of the Holy Spirit has a bearing on the doctrine of His personality. It is the believer’s privilege ever to be in the presence of God. It was used to induct kings into office (1 Sam 10:1; 16:13; 1 Kgs 1:39; etc.). In connection with the sovereign bestowal of spiritual gifts on men, the Spirit is said to accomplish this “as he will” (1 Cor 12:11). Yet He is also distinct from them. The same use of the masculine may be observed in the use of the relative pronouns, and in such a connection as supporting the thought of personality (Eph 1:13-14). The Person and Work of the Holy Spirit. Myles Munroe - Duration: 44:45. Likewise the apostolic benediction as recorded in 2 Corinthians 13:14 indicates an equality in respect to personality of the members of the Trinity. 229-241. The term God as found in the translations of the Old and New Testaments is frequently identified with the Holy Spirit. fire, Matt 3:12). A mere influence or emanation does not possess the attributes of life, even if it should proceed from God. His movements are not governed by human will. On the part of the Holy Spirit, the eternal procession of the Spirit issued in the ministry which ensued. The many aspects revealed speak of His infinite Person, equal in power and glory with the Father and the Son. The early creeds of the Christian church gave attention to the proper statement of it. This doctrine will be considered more at length in the section dealing with it. The revelation of the Scriptures, the theological discussion of the Christian centuries, the many publications on the subject, however brief and limited in their treatment of the subject, have summed a total of theological literature which very few can exceed in a lifetime of study. They were to be clothed with power. In the Old Testament, however, רוח is used over one hundred times for the Holy Spirit. Five of the titles of the Holy Spirit refer to some extent to Him as the author of revelation and wisdom: (10) Spirit of Wisdom (Exod 28:3; Eph 1:7); (11) Spirit of Wisdom and Understanding (Isa 11:2); (12) Spirit of Counsel and Might (Isa 11:2); (13) Spirit of Knowledge and of the Fear of the Lord (Isa 11:2); (14) Spirit of Truth (John 14:17). So, unseen by the natural eye, He may be observed in what He does. He is spoken of as God and is identified with the title of Jehovah.5 The Christian who is indwelt by the Spirit is indwelt by God.6 The Holy Spirit possesses the attributes of deity, such as omniscience, omnipresence, omnipotence and eternality.7 He does works only God can do, such as creating, regenerating and sanctifying.8 He is equally associated with the other members of the Trinity.9, The work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament differed somewhat from His work in the New Testament. Sign up for The Moody Connection, a monthly e-newsletter from Moody Bible Institute: Moody exists to equip people with the truth of God's Word to be maturing followers of Christ who are making disciples around the world. It is the only case in the New Testament where it is so used. A seal by its nature indicates (1) security, (2) safety, (3) ownership, (4) authority. Start sharing. But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who indwells you. (2) The attribute of personality has abundant witness as already demonstrated. I, p. 630. • The Holy Spirit is the one who leads us into all … (4) Omniscience belongs to the Holy Spirit (1 Cor 2:10-11), and (5) omnipotence, as illustrated in His work of creation (Gen 1:2). This has been the position of the orthodox body of Christians from the beginning. The possession of the Holy Spirit by the believer was not permanent in every case.10 The Spirit had a ministry of restraining sin and in the creation of the world.11, The Holy Spirit today plays a major role in the application of salvation to the individual. The basic words in the original are also used in reference to entities other than the Holy Spirit. The two doctrines are mutually sustaining. (3) The deity of the Holy Spirit is conclusive evidence of personality, as sustained in the material upholding the deity of the Holy Spirit to be given in a later section. It should be clear from these citations that personality is absolutely necessary to explain these ministries. We have a revelation by the spirit right now in the name of Jesus, I thank you for this. From these several identifications, an inescapable conclusion is reached of the deity of the Holy Spirit. Oh, Oh, Oh, Hi everyone. The use of name in the singular is worthy of note. The use of clothing as a figure to reveal spiritual truth is prominent in Scripture as evidenced in other connections in Scripture (2 Cor 5:3; Eph 4:24; 6:11-17; Col 3:10, 12; 1 Thess 5:8; Rev 19:8, 13, 14). Nor can we trace any relation to the comparatively spirituality of the books, though Isaiah stands so high in the list; for whereas Ezekiel stands first, and Judges has seven, Psalms has only six, Deuteronomy only one, and 2nd Chronicles four. The place itself he never can lose, inasmuch as his Head and Representative, Christ, occupies it on his behalf. The proper statement of the doctrine is that the Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son, as the Son proceeds from the Father. The Holy Spirit is referred to as a person by scripture. Both titles refer to the same entity. He is included in the Great Commission with the Father and the Son (Mat 28:19-20; to baptize in his name is idolatry if he is not God – Grudem). Many of the titles referred to as indicating His attributes also connote His works. From the more complete discussion of His works to follow, these illustrations will be sufficient: (1) His work in creation (Gen 1:2); (2) His work in empowering (Zech 4:6); (3) His teaching ministry (John 16:13); (4) His guidance (Isa 48:16; Rom 8:14); (5) His comforting (John 14:26); (6) His prayer (Rom 8:26); (7) His work of convincing the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment (John 16:8); (8) His restraint of sin (Isa 59:19); (9) His authoritative commands (Acts 8:29; 13:2; 16:7).

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