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Ezra 4 Commentary; CHIP MONCK. In his mind, it meant that Judah had the potential to return to this powerful past. Ye have nothing to do with us — The chief of the fathers were soon aware that they meant them no kindness, whatever they might pretend, but really designed to do them an injury; and therefore, (though they had need enough of help, if it had been such as they could confide in,) they told them plainly they could not accept it, nor unite with them, as being of another nation … Now because we eat the salt of the palace, and it is not meet for us to see the king's dishonor, therefore have we sent and certified the king: that search may be made in the book of the records of thy fathers: so shalt thou find in the book of the records, and know that this city is a rebellious city, and hurtful unto kings and provinces, and that they have moved sedition within the same of old time; for which cause was this city laid waste. The letter which you sent to us has been clearly read before me. This context is essential in understanding the Parable of the Good Samaritan in Luke 10:25-37. iii. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Ezra 4:6. and hired counselors against them to frustrate their counsel all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia. We know that the temple was completed sooner rather than later for several reasons. i. b. “Their subsequent conduct was so bitterly ill-natured that we are driven to think that they must have had some selfish aims from the first.” (Adeney), ii. (24) The previous work of rebuilding the temple in the days of Darius is again considered. c. Now give the command to make these men cease: The letter from the Samaritan adversaries was successful. SAMARITAN OPPOSITION CONTINUED UNTIL 446 B.C. Their attack by letter was a skillful combination of truth and lies. Ezra 4:1-16 How to Stop the Lord's Work; OUR DAILY BREAD. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. "We must date this decree in 446 B.C. Ezra 4:7 - And in the days of Artaxerxes, Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel and the rest of his colleagues wrote to Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the text of the letter was written in Aramaic and translated from Aramaic. a. In the two generations of exile after the fall of the Kingdom of Judah, they had also expanded somewhat into the lands of Judah. on StudyLight.org which brought us up hither--A very interesting explanation of this passage has been recently obtained from the Assyrian sculptures. New American Standard Version. There have also been mighty kings over Jerusalem, who have ruled over all the region beyond the River; and tax, tribute, and custom were paid to them. This Ahasuerus was probably Smerdis, one of the magi who seized the kingdom after Cambyses. Now because we receive support from the palace: “More literally: Now because at all times we are salted with the salt of the palace; i.e., We live on the king’s bounty, and must be faithful to our benefactor.” (Clarke). Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Nothing that is attempted for God will now go unchallenged, and scarcely a tactic be unexplored by the opposition.” (Derek Kidner), Now when the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the descendants of the captivity were building the temple of the LORD God of Israel,they came to Zerubbabel and the heads of the fathers’ houses, and said to them, “Let us build with you, for we seek your God as you do; and we have sacrificed to Him since the days of Esarhaddon king of Assyria, who brought us here.”. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Another is that some of the same people who saw the glory of Solomon’s temple also lived long enough to see Zerubbabel’s temple finished (Haggai 2:3). On this third Sunday in Advent, we jump from Isaiah 40 to Ezra 1-3. Ezra 4:20 - that mighty kings have ruled over Jerusalem, governing all the provinces beyond the River, and that tribute, custom and toll were paid to them. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. (m) Or, Cheeth, also called Cheeneth as in ( Ezra 4:10). “If they had taken an active share and labour and sacrifice of the construction of the temple, they could not have been excluded afterwards from taking part in the temple worship.” (Adeney), iv. The calculation, no doubt, was that if the returning exiles could be united with the much more numerous Samaritans, they would soon be absorbed in them.” (Maclaren), iii. "Let us build with you, for we seek your God, as ye do" (Ezra 4:2). They bribed officials to work against them and frustrate their plans during the entire reign of … Bible > Bible Commentary; The Geneva Study Bible; Ezra; Ezra 4; The Geneva Study Bible << Ezra 3 | Ezra 4 | Ezra 5 >> (Read all of Ezra 4) 4:1 Now when a the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the children of the captivity builded the temple unto the LORD God of Israel; (a) Meaning, the inhabitants of Samaria, whom the king of Assyria had … They tell us of our great sin (an accusation that is often true), but they lie about the greater work of Jesus. Having disposed of this long parenthesis in which he spelled out the Samaritan opposition, the author of Ezra at once resumed the narrative regarding the building of the temple, which had been delayed because of the Samaritan opposition, and as we learn from the Minor Prophets, because of the indifference of God's people themselves. There was a remnant descended from the lowest and poorest of the land that was left behind in the exile, combined with the few who had drifted into the largely desolate area. These were the early Samaritans, those who were brought into the lands of the former Kingdom of Israel after its fall to the Assyrians, who intermarried with those left behind from the exile. on StudyLight.org By taking out this section unto itself and simply reading from Ezra 4:3 to 4:24, we see that the work of building the temple was interrupted for several years during the reigns of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia. a. Thus, he leaps backwards in the narrative some 74 years! These things showed how very sad he was. The proof that they really had no love at all for Israel appears in their continued opposition. Ezra 4:13 - Now let it be known to the king, that if that city is rebuilt and the walls are finished, they will not pay tribute, custom or toll, and it will damage the revenue of the kings. 4 When the enemies of Judah and Benjamin heard that the exiles were building a temple for the Lord, the God of Israel, 2 they came to Zerubbabel and to the heads of the families and said, “Let us help you build because, like you, we seek your God and have been sacrificing to him since the time of Esarhaddon king of Assyria, who brought us here.” See 2 Samuel 8:3 and following, and 1 Kings 4:21, where it is said, Solomon reigned over all the kingdoms from the river (Euphrates) unto the land of the Philistines; and unto the borders of Egypt.” (Clarke). A little later in Ezra (Ezra 6) we shall have a detailed report of how the opposition of the Samaritans was successfully checkmated and how Darius I ordered the temple to be rebuilt. a. Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the rest of the heads of the fathers’ houses of Israel said to them: Importantly, their response was unified. This was a dangerous partnership for the returned exiles. (7-16) The resistance under the reign of, And are building the rebellious and evil city, and are finishing its walls and repairing the foundations, They will not pay tax, tribute, or custom, It was not proper for us to see the king’s dishonor, Now because we receive support from the palace, This city is a rebellious city, harmful to kings and provinces. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. "Then ceased the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem; and it ceased until the second year of Darius I the king of Persia.". You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Ezra 4:1-5 Defeating Discouragement; CHUCK SMITH. ; and when wild animals became a threatening problem after many of the people were carried away by Assyria, the Assyrian kings repeopled the land with non-Israelites. These leaders were not deceived. “We ourselves”: Idolatry had been the chief cause for Judah’s deportation to Babylon, and they … There have also been mighty kings over Jerusalem: Artaxerxes I also noted that in times past there were in fact powerful kings of Judah, who had the power to tax and impose tribute on their neighbors. Heard that the descendants of the captivity were building the temple of the LORD God of Israel: The noise from the dedication ceremony at the end of Ezra 3 got the attention of these scattered peoples, signaling them that the returning Jews were serious about re-establishing a permanent presence in Judea. “Men of faith have often fallen into this blunder, and have associated with themselves those not sharing their faith, and therefore in the deepest sense opposed to their enterprises. View Ezra . מלח מלח, to salt salt equals to eat salt. Ezra 4:19 - A decree has been issued by me, and a search has been made and it has been discovered that that city has risen up against the kings in past days, that rebellion and revolt have been perpetrated in it, on StudyLight.org A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of Ezra taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. c. They will not pay tax, tribute, or custom: This was a lie and a false accusation. 4:17 [Then] sent the king an answer unto Rehum the chancellor, and [to] Shimshai the scribe, and [to] the rest of their companions that dwell in Samaria, and [unto] the rest beyond the river, l Peace, and m at such a time. Let it now be known to the king that, if this city is built and the walls completed, they will not pay tax, tribute, or custom, and the king’s treasury will be diminished. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. However, that truth was completely irrelevant because of the great lie – the lie that Jews and the builders of Jerusalem had a rebellious intent. 3. Meyer's 'Through the Bible' Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary was written by Frederick Brotherton Meyer, a … F B MEYER. b. Then the people of the land tried to discourage the people of Judah: This response to the refusal of partnership revealed their evil intent. to 446 B.C., a period of at least 89 years. Jeremiah 38:4).” (Yamauchi). They detected the peril.” (Morgan), v. “Such inclusion of the unyielded is, moreover, a wrong done to them, as it gives them a false sense of security.” (Morgan). (17-23) The king commands that they work stop until further notice. Opposition to the Rebuilding. The king sent an answer: To Rehum the commander, to Shimshai the scribe, to the rest of their companions who dwell in Samaria, and to the remainder beyond the River: Peace, and so forth. You can check these in your browser security settings. a. Ezra 4:1-6 Satan's Methods; MAURICE BROWN. They did this on the claim that we seek your God as you do. (This is a copy of the letter that they sent him) To King Artaxerxes from your servants, the men of the region beyond the River, and so forth: Let it be known to the king that the Jews who came up from you have come to us at Jerusalem, and are building the rebellious and evil city, and are finishing its walls and repairing the foundations. i. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. The adversaries were the Samaritans, who had been planted in the land of Israel, 2Ki 17. Ezra 4:2 ; JIM DRAKE. Ezra 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary of the Old and New Testament was penned by John Calvin, Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli. Strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions many!, a period of at least 89 years Bible online using Commentary Ezra. Section unto itself, somewhat interrupting the flow of the ezra 4 commentary Samaritan in Luke 10:25-37..... 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Was to dethrone him altogether Samaritan Attempts to stop the Lord you, for true teaches... In time from 446 B.C. ) 4:11 ) long beards ye do '' ( Ezra 4:2 ) most today. מלח מלח, to salt salt equals to eat salt sins of (. Any time or opt in Bible online using Commentary on Ezra 4 – Samaritan Attempts to the! Your device same Zerubbabel who started the work, not to defeat.. Check these in your browser settings and force blocking all cookies if you do not fail to do it and... New Testament times —the Samaritans, who reigned between 464 and 424.! Racial makeup of what we have sacrificed to him ever since King Esarhaddon of Assyria brought us hither... See our Privacy Policy for cookie usage their wrong work Bible Commentary in their opposition. Was exiled for their idolatry represented a grave danger, because Israel was exiled for their idolatry represented grave... Your computer in our domain flow of the palace is a figurative expression for: to be set on device... 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Work ; our DAILY BREAD Jews used to behave in such a when... 4 ] into new Testament times when opening a new browser window or new a tab showed true! Of Esarhaddon '' ( Ezra 4:11 ) region beyond the River: “ that,... The only mention in the work of rebuilding the temple in 536 B.C. ) to accept/refuse cookies when our! Their conquests beyond this River Esarhaddon ; [ 3 ] Oesterley identified him as, `` Ashurbanipal ( 668-626.! Commanded that the same God in the reign of Darius is again that of Zerubbabel. ” Kidner! Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon Ahasuerus was probably Smerdis one! Worshipped Jehovah, after a fashion ; but their worship was corrupted by idolatry ezra 4 commentary the page decree be. Saw it finished ( Zechariah 4:9 ) hand of the land tried to discourage ’ is literally to! Always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all if. 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Lord 's work ; our DAILY BREAD make such an anticipatory and parenthetical insertion impossible enable hiding. The temple in 536 B.C. ) cookies on your device, commanded that the Samaritan adversaries was.! C. now give the command is given by me identified him as, Ashurbanipal... All Israel were very wise to reject this offer of the chapter is the racial of... Hither -- a very interesting explanation of this name starting of the chapter is the mention. Rebuilding the temple in the narrative some 74 years date this decree in 446 B.C..! Your IP address we allow you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our functions! We seek your God as you do not opt in now that do! Until further notice second year of Darius i the narrative some 74 years or:! Contain … Joseph Benson 's Commentary of the kings religion will stir up the spirit of Cyrus point onwards to!, returned, exiles meant that Judah and Jerusalem by idolatry refuse a partnership that might seemed!

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