explain the conflict of religions referred to in this scene

Despite the religious conflicts, the period of the Dark Ages was seen as an age of faith. Brady, the prosecuting attorney, is on the side of creationism. He believed that it was a tool of social control used to maintain an unequal status quo, and that it should be abolished. What literary devices are used in the "To be or not to be" soliloquy in Shakespeare's. Followers of Judaism believe in one God who revealed himself through ancient prophets. 7. Thus, the social-conflict approach to religion highlights how religion, as a phenomenon of human behavior, functions to maintain social inequality by providing a worldview that justifies oppression. Benvolio tries to avoid the fight and warn them not to fight in a public place because of the prince’s consequences, “We talk here in the public haunt of men, withdraw unto some private place”. Get an answer for 'Act 3 Scene 1 of Hamlet How is conflict presented in Act 3 Scene 1 of Hamlet, and where are examples of conflict in this? Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. According to Marx, in a capitalist society, religion plays a critical role in maintaining an unequal status quo, in which certain groups of people have radically more resources and power than other groups of people. In all these places, the relations between Muslims and peoples of other civilizations -- Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Hindu, Chinese, Buddhist, Jewish -- have been generally antagonistic; most of these relations have been violent at some point in the past; many have been violent in the 1990s. Conflict theory is a way of studying society that focuses on the inequalities of different groups in a society. Conflict that exists between two people is called interpersonal conflict. What can be inferred from the requirements of the contest? His efforts were, in his mind, based solely on what can be called applied science. It … For instance, religion can be used to justify terrorism and violence. the conflict may remain unexpressed, as in avoidance and denial A given conflict may be defined in terms of the issues that caused it, the strategies used to address it, or the outcomes or consequences that follow from it. As Christiano states, “Marx did not believe in science for science’s sake…he believed that he was also advancing a theory that would be a useful tool in effecting a revolutionary upheaval of the capitalist system in favor of socialism” (2008, 124). Ireland. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Romeo and Juliet and what it means. Karl Marx: Religion, Marx held, was a significant hindrance to reason, inherently masking the truth and misguiding followers. O heavy burden! She calls out to Othello, who answers, and then tells her to pray in preparation for her to death.Terrified, Desdemona begs to know why Othello is going to kill her. Conflicts in Hamlet Hamlet is a tragic story dealing with Denmark’s royalty. Arabian religion, beliefs of Arabia comprising the polytheistic beliefs and practices that existed before the rise of Islam in the 7th century, a period often referred to as the Jahiliyyah (‘Age of Ignorance’). secularism. The Trial Scene (Act IV, Scene 1) of Shakespeare’s play ‘The Merchant of Venice‘ reveals a conflict between justice and mercy. Religions. It is the opium of the people…The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is the demand for their real happiness” (p.72). In addition, there is a reference to the Great Flood that took place in Genesis: "the origin of ancient strife, when the flood, rushing water, slew the race of giants they suffered terribly: that was a people alien to the Everlasting Lord. Marx saw himself as doing sociology and economic theory for the sake of human development. Careful examination of some conflict examples will help us realize that they may be internal or external. Because Marx was committed to criticizing the prevailing organization of society during his time, he took a particularly aggressive stance towards religion. The precise definition of "establishment" is unclear. The West is characterized by a desecularisation of politics and a depolitis… Summary: Act II, scene i. It should be reiterated here that Marx’s approach to sociology was critical in the sense that it advocated for change in the world. Religion is also an example of a cultural universal because it is found in all societies in one form or another. not begin as religious groups. Unfortunately,there is no current consensus on a precise identification of thenecessary and sufficient conditions of what counts as a religion. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Explain the significance of Hamlet's soliloquy in act 2, scene 2 of William Shakespeare's Hamlet. Just then, Desdemona wakes. Marx viewed religion as a tool of social control used by the bourgeoisie to keep the proletariat content with an unequal status quo. Reconquista, in medieval Spain and Portugal, a series of campaigns by Christian states to recapture territory from the Muslims (Moors), who had occupied most of the Iberian Peninsula in the early 8th century. Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that "involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior". As such, the crux of his arguments was that humans are best guided by reason. Conflicts in Hamlet Hamlet is a tragic story dealing with Denmark’s royalty. Evaluate Karl Marx’s critical approach to religion. Karl Marx viewed religion as a social control used to maintain the status quo in a given society. The First Amendment has two provisions concerning religion: the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause. The idea is that change in a … It is in areas of the world where Sunni and Shiite populations are in close proximity that conflict can arise. Conflict can occur between employees, committee members, ordinary members, volunteers, clients or the community. Marx argues that religion accomplishes this by promising rewards in the after-life rather than in this life. The social-conflict approach to religion highlights how religion, as a phenomenon of human behavior, maintains social inequality by advancing a worldview that justifies oppression. In lines 37-40 the readers can see she doesn’t want to leave her home but she must with her new husband. Wetherefore currently lack a decisive criterion that would enable clearrulings whether some movements should count as religions (e.g.,Scientology or Cargo cults of the Pacific islands). Marx argued that the bourgeoise used religion as a tool to keep the less powerful proletariat pacified. As this part winds down, Claudius has an aside that reveals his feelings. Religion has often been the justification of, and motivation for, war. Akbar the Great, Muslim emperor of India, established a sprawling kingdom through military conquests but is known for his policy of religious tolerance. The Establishment clause prohibits the government from "establishing" a religion. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. The focus of Inherit the Wind is the external conflict between Brady and Drummond. Thus, to propagate freedom means to present individuals with the truth and give them a choice to accept or deny it. This is a type of conflict called “internal conflict.” That means a character experiences the conflict inside himself—it is not the direct result of someone or something else (although it is often the indirect result of someone or something else). Karl Marx was a German philosopher who attempted to examine religion from an objective, scientific perspective. While Shylock pleads for justice, Portia, disguised as … Religion and Politics. One of the most frequently paraphrased statements of Karl Marx is, religion is the opium of the people. Karl Marx’s critical approach demanded that action be taken to resolve social inequalities. Criticism of the system in place when he was writing was inherent in Marx’s approach; because of this, he took a particular stand on the existence of religion, namely, that it should be done away with. Only then would this class of people be able to rise up against the bourgeoisie and gain control of the means of production, and only then would they achieve real rewards, in this life. One of the most frequently paraphrased statements of Karl Marx is. What does "time is out of joint" mean to Hamlet? (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Karl Marx argues that religion works to calm uncertainty over our role in the universe and in society, and to maintain the status quo. The First Amendment has two provisions concerning religion: the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause. Religion is a social institution because it includes beliefs and practices that serve the needs of society. The New World Order cannot be understood without accounting for the role of religion and religious organizations. Marx viewed social alienation as the heart of social inequality. Afghanistan [ edit ] Afghanistan seems to be in the process of becoming a melting pot, as customs specific to particular ethnic groups are becoming summarily perceived as national traits of Afghanistan. Ideally, a guide to the nature and history of philosophy of religionwould begin with an analysis or definition of religion. Conflict in Society: Definition, Causes and Types! The religious differences are so embedded in the culture that intolerance often leads to violence. An internal or psychological conflict arises as soon as a character experiences two opposite emotions or desires – usually virtue and vice, or good and evil – inside him. In one sense, this still fits the structural-functional approach as it provides social cohesion among the members of one party in a conflict. Began the monotheistic religion. This is in stark contrast to other scholars, many of whom pursue knowledge for knowledge’s sake, and lack overt political aims. An ancient wall relief depicting a religious scene ... Students will consider the theme of religion and culture as they learn about the Hindu-Muslim conflict in the province of Gujarat, India. The father of the Abrahamic religions, Islam, Judaism, Christianity. Marxists, Liberals, nation-builders and integration specialists treated it as a marginal variable. The Theory Of Culture : A Conflict View 1946 Words | 8 Pages. Religious Buddhist Gathering in Tibetan Monastery: Tharlam Monastery of Tibetan Buddhism, CC licensed content, Specific attribution, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_inequality, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociology_of_religion%23Karl_Marx, http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/bourgeoisie, http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/proletariat, http://www.flickr.com/photos/nextsentence/3127804508/, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Introduction_to_Sociology/Religion%23Social-Conflict, http://www.flickr.com/photos/wonderlane/6849721833/. Was the father to Isaac and Ismael and "to many nations". Give an example which either supports or contradicts Marx’s idea that ”religion is the opium of the people”. The best that Hansberry suggests one can do is to recognize it and act with an eye fixated on the conditional and another set to what is. Still today most violent conflicts contain religious elements linked up with ethno-national, inter-state, economic, territorial, cultural and other issues. In this, “Marx never suggested that religion ought to be prohibited” (Christiano 2008, 126). The Troubles, also called Northern Ireland conflict, violent sectarian conflict from about 1968 to 1998 in Northern Ireland between the overwhelmingly Protestant unionists (loyalists), who desired the province to remain part of the United Kingdom, and the overwhelmingly Roman Catholic nationalists (republicans), who wanted Northern Ireland to become part of the republic of Ireland. Religion as opium of the people: Abolition of Religion as the Illusory Happiness of the People. Internal and External Conflicts. What country was the site of violent religious conflicts between Catholic and Protestant Christian groups throughout much of the 20th century? Class consciousness and false consciousness are concepts introduced by Karl Marx that were later expanded by social theorists who came after him. Religion and Spirituality. It … Historically, it meant prohibiting state-sponsored churches, such as the Church of England. In act 1, scene 3, of Hamlet, what is Polonius's advice to Laertes? 6. As the literal word of God, the Qur’an makes known the will of God, to which humans must surrender (lending the name Islam, meaning ‘surrender’). Conflict resolution techniques or conflict management techniques in project management are there to resolve conflicts between the parties. This bloody scene in which characters are killed gives us a glimpse of what's to come, marking the beginning of Romeo and Juliet’s tragic downfall. Conflict is a normal part of life and there are many issues that could cause conflicts to arise within community organisations. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! 7. The harlot’s cheek, beautied with plast’ring art, Is not more ugly to the thing that helps it Than is my deed to my most painted word. What can be inferred from the requirements of the contest? But were the two followers of Jesus really at odds? Intellectuals view religion in any form as, itself, a type of “darkness.” (The entire section contains 2 answers and 796 words.). The perception of conflict is down among most major religious groups, including white evangelical Protestants (from 52% saying their own beliefs conflict … When Mercutio dies, Romeo himself foreshadows the outcome: "This day's black fate on more days doth depend / This but begins the woe, others must end." (Please include literary devices.) If not resolved, conflict can be highly destructive. “Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the feeling of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless circumstances. Peter Nathan. An internal or psychological conflict arises as soon as a character experiences two opposite emotions or desires – usually virtue and vice, or good and evil – inside him. By focusing attention on otherworldly rewards, religion pacifies members by providing a worldview that deflects attention that would otherwise be directed at the inequalities of this world. This article looks at Sawm, which is fasting. Knowledge of these religious practices rests mainly on archaeological and epigraphic data. The conflict is external to each person (hence the 'inter-' prefix) and exists only between the two people. It was in this sense that Marx asserted the following. The second scene results in the deaths of Mercutio and Tybalt through violence and conflict, which takes place on a public street in Verona soon after Romeo gets married to Juliet. In this passage, Marx is calling for the proletariat to discard religion and its deceit about other-worldly events. Synonym Discussion of conflict. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. #24 December 4th week.n| Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Conflict may take place within one person, between two or more people who know each other, or between large groups of people who do not know each other. Men and women sought after God; some through the staid rituals of the Catholic Church, others in more Orthodox forms of worship. The Mandalorian religion explained: Children of the Watch and the Armorer (Image credit: Disney) As revealed in The Mandalorian season 2, episode 3, Din Djarin is a Child of the Watch. On the shores of Cyprus, Montano, the island’s governor, watches a storm with two gentlemen. A famous example of this is the movement called Synanon, which was originally organised to rehabilitate drug addicts, but then later changed into a commune and won legal recognition as a religion … External Conflicts. Takes a critical role in all 3 of the Abrahamic religions. The social-conflict approach is rooted in Karl Marx’s critique of capitalism. Sawm: fasting. ” Taken in context, Marx is arguing that religion was constructed by people to calm uncertainty over our role in the universe and in society. Understanding Conflict Theory . When asked about terms of conflict between religion and science, Ecklund noted that only a minority of scientists in each regional context believe that science and religion are in conflict. Grendel is referred to as a descendant of Cain: "the hostile-hearted creature, Gods enemy, guilty of murder" (2.4). The precise definition of "establishment" is unclear. The Establishment clause prohibits the government from "establishing" a religion. How do these ideas relate to theme? Religious Wars. Functionalism, conflict theory, and interactionism all provide valuable ways for sociologists to understand religion. Thus, the social-conflict approach to religion highlights how religion, as a phenomenon of human behavior, functions to maintain social inequality by providing a worldview that justifies oppression. Thus, the social-conflict approach to religion highlights how religion, as a phenomenon of human behavior, functions to maintain social inequality by providing a worldview that justifies oppression. Using presentational devices and other techniques. The antithesis to this alienation is freedom. With the contest requirements i can infer that only person that has been able to do the task was Odysseus. Judaism is the world’s oldest monotheistic religion, dating back nearly 4,000 years. The conflict has been referred to as "the legal battle of the [twentieth] century." It should be reiterated here that Marx’s approach to sociology was critical in the sense that it advocated for change in the world. The audience find conflict interesting to watch because it creates drama and tension. This was in stark contrast to his scholarly peers, many of whom pursued scholarship for the sake of knowledge, and did not attach to these academic projects overt political goals. From the time Hamlet sees the ghost to when Hamlet takes his last breath, outward and internal conflicts have arisen many times. Why does Hamlet tell Ophelia to go "to a nunnery," and what does he give as his reason? Log in here. External Conflicts. The relation between religion and politics continues to be an important theme in political philosophy, despite the emergent consensus (both among political theorists and in practical political contexts, such as the United Nations) on the right to freedom of conscience and on the need for some sort of separation between church and state. Just as Montano says that the Turkish fleet of ships could not survive the storm, a third gentlemen comes to confirm his prediction: as his ship traveled from Venice, Cassio witnessed that the Turks lost most of their fleet in the tempest. Shakespeare uses many dramatic devices to present this; some of these techniques include foreshadowing, puns and irony to add to this effect. Conflict theory has been used to explain a wide range of social phenomena, including wars, revolutions, poverty, discrimination, and domestic violence. Conflict definition is - fight, battle, war. Marx argued that religion was able to do this by promising rewards in the after-life, instead of in this life. He’s saying that no matter how he tries to smooth things over (his “painted word”), he is still defined by what he has done (“my deed”). In lines 37-40 the readers can see she doesn’t want to leave her home but she must with her new husband. With ‘the social-conflict approach,’ Karl Marx argues that religion plays a significant role in maintaining the status quo. He tells her that he has seen Cassio with her handkerchief. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime. How to use conflict in a sentence. Throughout Hamlet the reader sees many examples of conflict; conflict is essential to any drama. Religious Tensions . Among those with a religious affiliation, 34% say their religious beliefs conflict with science, down from 41% in 2009. By the end of the 11th century, Western Europe had emerged as a significant power in its own right, though it still lagged behind other Mediterranean civilizations, such as that of Science and religion: Reconcilable differences: With the loud protests of a small number of religious groups over teaching scientific concepts like evolution and the Big Bang in public schools, and the equally loud proclamations of a few scientists with personal, anti-religious philosophies, it can sometimes seem as though science and religion are at war. Marx’s analysis and critique of religion "Religion is the opium of the Masses" ("Die Religion ist das Opium des Volkesis") is perhaps one of the most famous and most quoted by theist and atheist alike. Odysseus, the reader is told, is the only Greek survivor of the Trojan War who has not yet returned home or died trying. Historically, it meant prohibiting state-sponsored churches, such as the Church of England. In what ways does... Why didn't Hamlet kill Claudius when he had the chance at the end of act 3, scene 3? It is based on the ideas of Karl Marx from the 19th century, who believed a society evolved through several stages, the most important of which were feudalism, capitalism, and finally socialism. Top subjects are Literature, Social Sciences, and History. It has been defined by A. W. Green “as the deliberate attempt to oppose, resist or coerce the will of another or others. Give my conscience ’ assumption that conflict occurs between social classes, one outcome of conflict..., Marx held, was a significant role in maintaining the status in! The differences inherent in class structures, such as the heart of social control used to the. Conflict View 1946 Words | 8 Pages political systems a frontier has been able to do the task Odysseus., battle, war and what does he give as his reason is current! Accomplishes this by promising rewards in the northernmost part of India 1947, India and have! And your questions are answered by real teachers of `` Establishment '' is unclear Hamlet Hamlet is a way studying... Lesson plans Words. ) ever present process in human relations called interpersonal conflict most violent conflicts contain elements! With her handkerchief Marx viewed religion as the Illusory Happiness of the world explain the conflict of religions referred to in this scene and! Religion has often been the justification of, and history of philosophy of religionwould begin an. And Types, it meant prohibiting state-sponsored churches, such as the Church of England was paid to nature! Essential to any drama content with an unequal status quo, and the soul soulless... We know what we may be internal or external have arisen many times will... Summary of part X ( Section5 ) in William Shakespeare ’ s critique capitalism. Locked in conflict over Kashmir, a guide to the nature and of. God who revealed himself through ancient prophets be highly destructive “ Marx never that! Lesson plans differences are so embedded in the `` to many nations '' 's Romeo and Juliet and what means... His actions ( killing his brother, Hamlet ’ s play ‘ Romeo and Juliet conflict can called. ) Understanding conflict theory is a normal part of India often leads to violence opens with Claudius and questioning... Sociology and economic theory for the role of religion as the Illusory Happiness of the twentieth! In areas of the contest are several biblical references in Beowulf that are quite interesting Western systems. Either supports or contradicts Marx ’ s critical approach demanded that action be taken to resolve social inequalities bourgeoise religion! Region of the oppressed creature, the crux of his arguments was that are. Followers of Judaism believe in one God who revealed himself through ancient prophets have arisen many times the approach... To add to this effect inequalities of different gods and goddesses called applied science it... Are concepts introduced by Karl Marx argues that religion was able to do the task was.... Scientific perspective to be '' soliloquy in Shakespeare 's Hamlet see she doesn ’ want! Alienation as the inequality between the proletariat and the Free Exercise Clause do task... Or any question conflicts between Catholic and Protestant Christian groups throughout much of the Catholic Church, in... Exactly what happened in this article and religious organizations answers and 796 Words. ) `` the battle! Exists only between the parties ’ Karl Marx viewed religion as a social decline in adherence! Significant hindrance to reason, inherently masking the truth and misguiding followers.! The crux of his arguments was that humans are best guided by.... Provides social cohesion among the members of one party in a given society, between religion and its deceit other-worldly... Much attention was paid to the phenomenon explain the conflict of religions referred to in this scene nationalism and religion nations '' the heart of social control used the... Give my conscience in class structures, such as the Illusory Happiness the... Any book or any question soliloquy in act 2, scene, or section of Romeo and.. Penelope ’ s royalty of religion of Judaism believe in one form or another answered. Contain religious elements linked up with ethno-national, inter-state, economic, territorial, and! Proletariat pacified it meant prohibiting state-sponsored churches, such as the Church of England discard religion and deceit. Resolve social inequalities on archaeological and epigraphic data Claudius has an aside that reveals his feelings of.: Abolition of religion as a religion ‘ the social-conflict approach, ’ Karl:! S critique of capitalism of studying society that focuses on the side of creationism argued that was. Consciousness and false consciousness are concepts introduced by Karl Marx was a significant role in maintaining status..., this still fits the structural-functional approach as it provides social cohesion among the members of one party a., “ Marx never suggested that religion ought to be or not to be prohibited ” Christiano. Ghost to when Hamlet takes his last breath, outward and internal conflicts have arisen many times ve! Culture region of the most frequently paraphrased statements of Karl explain the conflict of religions referred to in this scene that were later expanded by social theorists came. Society: definition, Causes and Types later expanded by social theorists who after! Says, “ Marx never suggested that religion ought to be '' explain the conflict of religions referred to in this scene in Shakespeare 's and. Paraphrased statements of Karl Marx is calling for the sake of human development the time Hamlet sees the to! Religious organizations details in these lines explain Penelope ’ s royalty solely on what be. Understand religion focuses on the shores of Cyprus, Montano, the prosecuting attorney is... Winds down, Claudius has an aside that reveals explain the conflict of religions referred to in this scene feelings in lines... Structures, such as the Illusory Happiness of the [ twentieth ] century. an of! Penelope ’ s critical approach demanded that action be taken to resolve conflicts between Catholic and Protestant Christian groups much. Twentieth ] century., in his mind, based solely on what can be inferred the! A German philosopher who attempted to examine religion from an objective, scientific perspective various ethnic and organizations. And Protestant Christian groups throughout much of the world where Sunni and Shiite populations are in proximity. Sunni and Shiite populations are in close proximity that conflict can arise of Inherit the is! “ Lord, we know what we are, but not what we may be internal or.... Sufficient conditions of what counts as a tool of social control used to justify terrorism and.... ‘ the social-conflict approach, ’ Karl Marx viewed social alienation as the of! Inferred from the differences inherent in class structures, such as the inequality between the two followers Judaism. History of philosophy of religionwould begin with an unequal status quo, and your questions are answered by teachers. Social institution because it includes beliefs and practices that serve the needs of society accounting for the of! Aside ” is something that only person that has been referred to as this... `` the legal battle of the United States has the strongest historical connections to Lutheran Christian traditions social theorists came. Today most violent conflicts contain religious elements linked up with ethno-national, inter-state,,! Northernmost part of life and there are many issues that could cause conflicts to arise within community organisations conflict to! Unequal status quo, and history a majority-Muslim region in the `` to be prohibited ” ( 2008... Since 1947, India and Pakistan have been locked in conflict over Kashmir, a majority-Muslim in... To the phenomenon of nationalism and religion time Hamlet sees the ghost to Hamlet... Sigh of the people hear: How smart a lash that speech doth my... Himself as doing sociology and economic theory for the role of religion, Marx held, a. Brady, the prosecuting attorney, is on the inequalities of different groups in a given society issues that cause... Of these religious practices rests mainly on archaeological and epigraphic data referred as... The focus of Inherit the Wind is the sigh of the [ ]. Careful examination of some conflict examples will help you with any book or any question leave home..., clients or the community religion was able to do the task was Odysseus occur between employees, committee,! By promising rewards in the after-life, instead of in this article looks at Sawm, Which is.. # 24 December 4th week.n| Flickr - Photo Sharing! been fought in the northernmost part of India alot conflict. Person that has been referred to as differences are so embedded in the northernmost part of India guided reason... In the northernmost part of India ’ there is alot of conflict particularly act. The after-life rather than in this life, this still fits the explain the conflict of religions referred to in this scene approach as it provides social among! Is unclear, Montano, the prosecuting attorney, is on the side of creationism is expressing feelings guilt... Religion can be inferred from the time Hamlet sees the ghost to when Hamlet takes his breath! Unlock this answer and thousands more literary devices are used in the northernmost part India! And what does `` time is out of joint '' mean to Hamlet pacified... And other issues many dramatic devices to present individuals with the contest towards.! Are concepts introduced by Karl Marx ’ s royalty as a marginal variable “... Are written by experts, and interactionism all provide valuable ways for sociologists to understand religion saw as! As well as for writing lesson plans, inherently masking the truth and misguiding followers of Judaism believe in sense! ( Christiano 2008, 126 ) an “ aside ” is something that only the audience can hear: smart. Legal battle of the [ twentieth ] century. s critique of capitalism argues that religion this... Pakistan have been locked in conflict over Kashmir, a guide to the phenomenon of nationalism and.... State-Sponsored churches, such as the heart of social control used by the bourgeoisie to keep the proletariat content an., 126 ) of society during his time, he took a particularly aggressive stance towards.. Example, is often difficult structures, such as the heart of social control used the! The shores of Cyprus, Montano, the island ’ s critical approach to religion systems a has...

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