why did new zealand join the vietnam war

Prime Minister Keith Holyoake didn’t question the morality of New Zealand involvement but he did doubt whether the war could be won. Kennedy believed that if communism thrived in one Southeast Asian country, the rest would be compromised and communism would spread uncontrollably. Why Did Australia Fight In The Vietnam War? Check . 42 20 The Vietnam War was a Cold War-era conflict between communist Northern Vietnamese forces and United States-backed Southern Vietnamese forces. Should we trace it back to the 1940s when President Harry Truman authorized U.S. financial support of the French war in Indochina? New Zealand's Vietnam War. 0000010265 00000 n New Zealand’s contribution . Today, the Vietnamese people refer the war as the Resistance War Against America. Since the 19 th century, Vietnam had been under colonial rule. New Zealand military personnel and civilian volunteers served in the jungles, skies, hospital wards, training camps, and offices of South Vietnam from 1963 to 1975. The U.S involvement in Vietnam had started as early as 1950 when Harry Truman sent military advisors to aid the French. Causes of the Vietnam war. {×7´wS�_×süÛâéôîî„ w´˜°eÔûäy³ùç‹õ"Ë¥oÖpônø´‡SØE=ZÏyˆ,’Q§òµÜÄ“iUúßO–=jí8²US÷FTºÙkB{ Gº~»›HuSîE˜a§‡L%‘îÌJeÏ‚ee¡÷jÏA×;s'‹ªdæ/F‹NÉ‘®DDUÓúùI]‰7Ó•Øe†¾ë�t;%ÖB‰4¬èO�Œ](Yp™Ø>>ô}'Æ×4`¶ÉDŞÿ×ò›-Îo7(™ºşÜ–øèØ��øÛWÏ÷‡3‡åŠÍõ—úí™Ëô’G+Ü í’M¹Î÷´�ÉéÚÂÙ�ç¦M}fäs—:bëËJŶYèÊM*©¶µyZ0�$¶ÂŠ˜ïgÖ£âƺ6Ô³N$ØÆâE¨CËtãÖÕÅ. 1962 – 1975. How and why did New Zealand become involved in the Vietnam War? However, the US started direct military action in Vietnam in 1964 until 1973. It remained there until 1975. A delegation of New Zealand Vietnam veterans will attend the Australian Vietnam War commemorations in Canberra on 18 August. ˆ™Ø€4#�Y 7�ƒ�ÁE "Êè` 0B­ Back home, the Vietnam War led to enormous political and public debate about New Zealand's foreign policy and place in the world. Australian support for South Vietnam in the early 1960s was in keeping with the policies of other nations to stem the spread of communism in Europe and Asia. The team advised the president to increase the presence of American soldiers, and technical and economic aid to help the south fight the Viet Cong resistance. H‰¬W[sÛ¸~×LşŞLu$†¤îm&ßÒMvìu×J‘�ˆ˜"U�´Vÿ¾ßÀ›,{úЇD’%ç|7\,{ïاOo.¿^1�}ş|quÉzÿqï±MŞû¸\zÌgËuoè¹�çl2zç�ØrÏü �xô2_¸ó9›Mæîbêá»mÏùÂÂ屛ş•İŠ=ûCğ„§£E,Ø)Š”oÙWŒõ—? There is much truth in the other answers. But the Americans broke the code warned Australia and New Zealand. 42 0 obj <> endobj However, the treated also called for an election two years later to unify the country. Who Was President During the Vietnam War? It includes controversies such as incidents of "friendly fire", allegations of atrocities, grievances over Agent Orange, and Maori participation in V Force. Vietnam remained Australia’s longest war until Afghanistan. The Vietnam War. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The book New Zealand's Vietnam War by Ian McGibbon, published in 2010, completed the project of official war histories begun in 1945 and focuses on what New Zealand did in south Vietnam. It was seen as in the nation's best interests to do so—failure to contribute even a token force to the effort in Vietnam w… 0000010495 00000 n Then the USA and Australia send a navel fleet, (New Zealand did not have navy … The Vietnam War is also known as the Second Indochina War. In 1963 Prime Minister Keith Holyoake agreed to send non-combatant troops into the Vietnam War. %%EOF In addition, about 300 New Zealand civilians, including members of a surgical team and Red Cross and Save the Children workers, went to help the people of South Vietnam; two New Zealand civilians lost their lives. The first settlement approvals were granted in 1976, one year after the fall of Saigon. Kennedy increased economic aid to the south Vietnam and deployed thousands of U.S troops to the country. 0000000696 00000 n Somewhere between the landing at Anzac and the end of the battle of the Somme, New Zealand very definitely became a nation. The U.S involvement in Vietnam had started as early as 1950 when Harry Truman sent military advisors to aid the French. 0000003404 00000 n During the Second World War, Japan invaded the country. what started the Vietnam war? 0000003626 00000 n Learn why a country that had been barely known to most Americans came to define an era. 0000006274 00000 n (f`ğeàávTciL“ú`Æi0‘�ãç„O/Ì世Úc\Æ ¶•Á In which year were the French defeated in Vietnam? Unlike other wars, there was no declaration of the Vietnam War. However, it is believed and accepted by many that the war began on November 1, 1955, and ended on April 30, 1975. The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Vietnamese: Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. New Zealand's involvement in the Vietnam War. endstream endobj 43 0 obj <>/Metadata 7 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 6 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/StructTreeRoot 9 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20080603110444)/PageLabels 4 0 R>> endobj 44 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 45 0 obj <> endobj 46 0 obj <> endobj 47 0 obj <> endobj 48 0 obj <> endobj 49 0 obj <> endobj 50 0 obj <> endobj 51 0 obj <> endobj 52 0 obj <> endobj 53 0 obj <>stream The U.S. entered the Vietnam War in an attempt to prevent the spread of communism, but foreign policy, economic interests, national fears, and geopolitical strategies also played major roles. New Zealand was involved in world war one because they are and were part of the British Monarchy. Initial approvals were to those already in New Zealand – diplomats, their families and staff – and to Vietnamese students. New Zealand’s effort was closely aligned with that of its trans-Tasman neighbour, especially after 1966, when V Force formed part of an Australian task force. New Zealand's Vietnam War The Vietnam War was our longest and most contentious military experience of the twentieth century. By Victor Kiprop on November 22 2017 in World Facts. 0000001957 00000 n trailer Over 3000 New Zealanders served in South Vietnam from 1963 to 1975. 0000002541 00000 n We were looking at the real agendas as to why New Zealand was getting involved in Afghanistan.” “It struck us both that we knew so little about Afghanistan. The New Zealand anti-war movement aimed to pull the New Zealand out of the Vietnam war because they did not wish to be involved with the US soldiers atrocities they are committing nor did they wanted to support the US soldier's atrocities. One of the main reasons it remains a source of argument is that it is difficult to say when the U.S. war actually began. New Zealanders considered themselves British so there was no question of support when news of the declaration of war reached Wellington on August 5. Our first response was to send a New Zealand Civilian Surgical Team to Qui Nhon in Binh Dinh province in 1963. In what year did the Geneva Conference decide there would be elections to unite Vietnam? A year later, anti-communist leader Ngo Dinh Diem ousted emperor Bao from power and became the president of South Vietnam. By 1962, about 9,000 American troops were stationed in the country, a huge increase from 800 in the 1950s. endstream endobj 60 0 obj <>/Size 42/Type/XRef>>stream Holyoake justified New Zealand's lack of assistance by pointing to its military contribution to the Indonesia-Malaysian Confrontation, but eventually the government decided to contribute. 61 0 obj <>stream But history has largely forgotten the main reasons Australia went to war, because the history of the Vietnam war has largely been analysed from a US perspective. Backed by the French, Emperor Bao set up the state of Vietnam in July 1949 choosing Saigon as the capital city. 0000001075 00000 n The difference in ideology resulted in one of the world’s longest and brutal wars. It was fought in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia between North and South Vietnam. The end of t… In short, the Vietnam War started as a result of the U.S.’s strategy of containment during the Cold War, which aimed to prevent the … 0000001586 00000 n Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War began with a small commitment of 30 military advisors in 1962, and increased over the following decade to a peak of 7,672 Australian personnel following the Menzies Government's April 1965 decision to upgrade its military commitment to South Vietnam's security. At the onset of the Second World War, both Australia and New Zealand were members of the British Empire, so when Britain entered the conflict they did as well. At the heart of the conflict was the desire of North Vietnam, which had defeated the French colonial administration of Vietnam in 1954, to unify the entire country under a single communist regime modeled after those of the Soviet Union and China. Vietnam was the first war in which New Zealand did not fight alongside the British, but there was a reassuring Commonwealth presence in the form of Australia. 0 0000006511 00000 n However, the US started direct military action in Vietnam in 1964 until 1973. startxref %PDF-1.4 %âãÏÓ In 1977, New Zealand government accepted 412 refugees from Vietnam, and from 1979-1980 approximately 1,500 Vietnamese were warmingly welcomed to New Zealand. He took control of Hanoi and declared the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) and himself the president. 0000003703 00000 n xÚbbbf`b``H` x h The North was supported by China and the Soviet Union while the South was supported by the United States, Thailand, Australia, and South Korea. Served: 49,211 Died: 520 Wounded: 2,396 Men awarded the Victoria Cross: 4. Anti war posters, slogans, eggs, flour bombs were used to reinforce and highlight the anti-war message. New Zealand and the Vietnam War. In fact it has been our longest war, longer than World War 1 and 2 combined and yet we’d heard almost nothing about it,” says Annie. Choose answers from the list on the right. Even after its federation and nominal independence in 1901, Australia’s foreign policy was for years strongly influenced by Britain. New Zealand assisted in the international effort to resettle Vietnamese refugees. In July 1954, a treaty to split the county along the 17th parallel was reached. Vietnam was also the first major war in which New Zealand’s regular army was involved (as opposed to the former citizen-soldier expeditionary forces). Prior to World War II, the Australian government still looked to London for leadership, diplomatic guidance and, when necessary, military protection. During the course of the war, these two geographically isolated nations faced the threat of … New Zealand's National government was cautious in its approach to Vietnam. 0000002106 00000 n Vietnamese political leader Ho Chi Minh inspired by Chinese and Soviet communism formed the League for the Independence of Vietnam (Viet Minh) with the aim of driving out both the Japanese invaders and the French colonialists. 0000000016 00000 n New Zealanders went to war because they had to back up Britain who were their motherland. xÚb```b``‰e`a``}ÇÀË€ ¼@1äxğ/ƒ�¡$”Ò® –bK ! American pressure continued for New Zealand to contribute military assistance, as the United States would be deploying combat units (as opposed to merely advisors) itself soon, as would Australia. During the first Indo-China War (1946-1954) between the communist-dominated Viet Minh and France, New Zealand accepted the British-American view that Vietnam was a crucial point on the front line against communist expansion in Asia. The Vietnam War left a strong legacy of injustice in New Zealand felt by many of the troops who served in the war.The treatment of veterans was not resolved until 1998 when the first Vietnam Parade occurred in Wellington, where veterans received recognition for their service in the Vietnam War. New Zealand joined its major allies in recognising the French-sponsored Bao Dai regime in 1950, but remained unsure about the strength and legitimacy of the non-communist forces in Vietnam. Why did the U.S. go to war in Vietnam? what caused the Vietnam war? New Zealand participated in World War II, helping the United States and Great Britain. Why did we send 47,000 men and women to Vietnam? 0000006044 00000 n This is a question historians continue to debate. In 1961 President John F. Kennedy sent out a team of experts to report on the conditions in South Vietnam. The contribution of Australia and New Zealand to the Vietnam War is significant to Australians and New Zealanders, but in the wider context of the war it was minor. This topic covers the anti-war protests, defence forces, action in Vietnam, apology from the Crown, compensation for veterans and refugees from Vietnam. 0000010701 00000 n Relations between American and Australian military leaders were not always smooth. 0000001329 00000 n Although both parties wanted a united country, Ho and his supporters favored communism while Bao and many others wanted to establish a country based on western culture. After the United States forced Japan to surrender during the Second World War, it withdrew its troops from Vietnam leaving the Emperor Bao Dai in power. Initially this was on the condition that they held United Nations status as refugees and had an occupational qualification useful to New Zealand. Canada officially played the role of neutral peacemaker, but secretly backed the American effort in Vietnam. The North won the battle at Dien Bien Phu in May 1954 and ended the French rule in the South. Under 0000003180 00000 n causes of the Vietnam war; why was the Vietnam war fought? Since the 19th century, Vietnam had been under colonial rule. 0000003049 00000 n During the Second World War, Japan invaded the country. The acceptance of 412 refugees in 1977 truly marked the start of Vietnamese migration to Ne… Fear of communism There was a growing fear of communism The invasion of the North Korean communists into democratic South Korea was seen as a threat to democracy Sending troops to Vietnam was a move to support democracy Situation in Vietnam Vietnam was once a colony of France After WW2 the … xref The National Liberation Front, also known as the Viet Cong, was a South Korean armed resistance that aided the North Vietnamese Army (NVA). The advance of Japanese imperial forces into the Asia-Pacific brought an aggressive imperial power clo… The Japanese tried to land on Port Morsseby in Australia to begin to take over Australia and New Zealand. The last New Zealand Army troops who took part in the Vietnam War flew home 47 years ago this month to a country that for the first time failed to … Which was the first war New Zealand fought in without Britain? This reliance was undermined by the events of World War II. And from then, until 2000, every year, few Vietnamese migrated as refugees to join their family and friends. <<03891D7372B48F4785488ED7C3EAB3F4>]>> New Zealands involvement in the Vietnam War spurred the anti-war movement to grow as wider members of society began to question the significance of alliances to major countries and if it was really for the benefit of New Zealand. Ho Chi Minh saw an opportunity to seize control and immediately rose up in arms. 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