adidas marketing budget 2019

Au menu des 10 idées cette semaine : Burger King fait moisir ses burgers, Ikea vous paye pour venir en magasin, Brandless prouve qu'avoir une marque, ça a du bon, tandis que Supreme s'associe à Oreo et qu'Adidas loue ses joueurs sponsorisés via WhatsApp. You need a Single Account for unlimited access. Total Starbucks locations globally 2003-2019, Market share of leading carbonated beverage companies worldwide, Revenue and financial key figures of Coca-Cola 2009-2019, Research expert covering advertising and marketing, Profit from additional features with an Employee Account. adidas. Operating profit grew 12% to € 2.660 billion in 2019 versus € 2.368 billion in 2018.The first-time application of IFRS 16 had a positive impact on operating profit of € 24 million. Marketing is a critical function of business and Nike is known to invest a lot in marketing and promotion of its brand and products. Chart. “This has been a key revenue and profit driver for Adidas.” But if the Superstar’s spot atop the shoe list symbolizes Adidas’ growing popularity and the success of their marketing efforts, the rest of the Top 10 list tells a different story. 4 2015 excluding goodwill impairment of € 34 million. As a percentage of sales, distribution and selling expenses increased 0.8 percentage points to 21.1% from 20.3% in 2018. https://www.statista.com/statistics/540836/adidas-marketing-spend In 2019, Kasper Rorsted, Adidas CEO shared, We had a successful start … Headquarter- Herzogenaurach, Germany Industry – apparel and accessories Products- Sportswear, Sports equipment, Footwear It employing more than 53,731 people in over 160 countries. November 06, 2019, 13:12 IST By Faris Yakob It takes courage to admit you made a mistake, more so to do it in public in front of one’s peers, but if we don’t do it, we don’t make progress. see Business Performance by Segment. Pour entretenir la flamme, Nike et Adidas consacrent 10 à 12% de leur chiffre d’affaires aux investissements marketing. Cookies and Matomo also help us understand how our site is being used. Prior year figures are not restated. ADIDAS LDN: Our most digital store London’s Oxford Street – since the fall of 2019, this is the address of our newest and ‘most digital’ adidas brand flagship store. ... 12/31/2019. In 2019, Kasper Rorsted, Adidas CEO shared, We had a successful start … Back in July 2019, Nike turned the most-watched women’s football match of all time into a vast marketing opportunity. 3 2015 excluding goodwill impairment of € 34 million. Share this Post. Register in seconds and access exclusive features. Currency-neutral footwear sales grew 4% in 2019 as a result of mid-single-digit sales growth in both Sport Inspired and Sport Performance. You need at least a Single Account to use this feature. 2 2015 figure still includes the TaylorMade, Adams Golf, Ashworth and CCM Hockey businesses, which have been reported as discontinued operations since 2016. March 11, 2020. Last few years have been successful and profitable years for German sportswear firm Adidas. Basic earnings per share (EPS) from continuing operations increased 15% to € 9.70 from € 8.46 in 2018. The Chinese market of Adidas is blooming. adidas North America: North America represents the biggest market in the sporting goods industry with a total share of approximately 40%. The company spends 90% of its marketing budget on digital campaigns and social media. In 2019, royalty and commission income increased 19% to € 154 million (2018: € 129 million). Marketing expenses of Nike Inc (also called demand creation expenses) grew by 5% in 2019 compared to the previous fiscal. In addition, ‘adidas LDN’ is one of our biggest stores worldwide, setting new standards in terms of product presentation, offering and service. Influencer Marketing. Diluted EPS from continuing and discontinued operations grew 19% to € 10.00 (2018: € 8.42). Learn more about how Statista can support your business. As a result, basic EPS from continuing and discontinued operations increased 19% to € 10.00 versus € 8.44 in 2018. 2018: Marketing expenses of Nike Inc grew to … The ideal entry-level account for individual users. Including the negative impact from the first-time application of IFRS 16 in the amount of € 54 million, net income from continuing operations increased 12% to € 1.918 billion versus € 1.709 billion in the prior year. Currency-neutral Reebok brand sales were up 2% versus the prior year, as a decline in Sport was more than offset by low-single-digit sales growth in Classics. Nike Nike, Inc., est une société de vêtements et d'articles de sport créée en janvier 1964 qui est basée aux États-Unis. In 2019, gross profit increased 8% to € 12.293 billion from € 11.363 billion in 2018, representing a gross margin increase of 0.2 percentage points to 52.0% (2018: 51.8%). Adidas is on a journey to shift from marketing efficiency to marketing effectiveness, ... Adidas also had a performance budget linked to ecommerce in the belief that digital ads drove digital sales. 2 First-time application of IFRS 16 as of January 1, 2019. Distribution and selling expenses increased 12% to The adoption of IFRS 16 reduced year-over-year net income and EPS growth by approximately 3 percentage points in 2019. Investors IR Contacts The adidas Investor Relations team is pleased to answer your questions regarding our share or business performance. Présentation. Cookies enable you to enjoy certain features, social sharing functionality and to tailor messages and display ads to your interests (on our site, and others). This development is mainly due to the depreciation of right-of-use assets related to the first-time application of IFRS 16 in the amount of € 664 million. In euro terms, adidas brand revenues grew 8% to € 21.505 billion compared to € 19.851 billion in 2018. In 2019, other operating expenses were up 7% to € 9.843 billion (2018: € 9.172 billion). Find out the revenue, expenses and profit or loss over the last fiscal year. Currency-neutral sales were up at double-digit rates in Asia-Pacific and Emerging Markets, while increasing at high-single-digit rates in North America, Russia/CIS and Latin America. A product category which comprises equipment that is used rather than worn by the consumer, such as bags, balls, or fitness equipment. In, Adidas. 2 | Final Meeting Minutes – October 22, 2019 • FY2020 Allocation of Funding: Mark Morante, MSF Fund Manager • FY2020 Small Business Services and Council of Great Lakes Governors, Inc. – Budget Recommendations: Natalie Chmiko, Vice President of PMBC & International Trade • My Locker LLC – MBDP Grant Reapproval : Julia Veale, Business Development Project Manager Total depreciation and amortization as well as impairment losses/reversal of impairment losses for tangible and intangible assets increased 142% to € 1.177 billion in 2019 (2018: € 486 million). En 2019, le chiffre d'affaires mondial de Nike a atteint un montant d'environ 39,1 milliards de dollars. Le mannequin porte une taille L. Taille du mannequin : 187 cm. We use cookies to improve your experience on our site. 3. Marketing expenses of only Adidas in Billion Euros. In euro terms, revenues grew 8% to € 23.640 billion from € 21.915 billion in 2018. Adidas is changing the way it works internally and with agencies so it can focus on creating better media and marketing strategies and look after the long-term health of the brand. Lapierre - Directeur Général Adjoint - Directeur Marketing et Commercial 2016 - 2019 PME de 100 salariés, propriété de Accell (leader européen du cycle / 1 Md €) Management de 34 personnes de 7 nationalités différentes (March 11, 2020). As soon as this statistic is updated, you will immediately be notified via e-mail. Point-of-sale and marketing investments of the adidas Group from 2015 to 2019 (in million euros) [Graph]. In 2019, cost of sales was € 11.347 billion, representing an increase of 8% compared to the prior year level of € 10.552 billion. Moreover, as a percentage of sales, capex has shrunk from 2.9% in the fiscal year 2017 to 2.6% in 2019. "Point-of-sale and marketing investments of the adidas Group from 2015 to 2019 (in million euros)." The total number of shares outstanding decreased by 3,201,958 shares to 195,969,387 at the end of 2019. As a percentage of sales, marketing and point-of-sale expenses decreased 0.8 … Now Adidas is in “full execution mode,” says CEO Kasper Rorsted at the very beginning of the press conference. … Adidas alone incurred more than 2 billion in marketing expenses in 2017. Adidas is spending a lot of money to lure consumers to its own platforms. As a percentage of sales, general and administration expenses decreased 0.2 percentage points to 7.0% (2018: 7.2%). Megan Sherwood November 12, 2018 Budget, Inbound Marketing. Currency-neutral revenues for the adidas brand increased 7%, with high-single-digit sales growth in Sport Inspired as well as a mid-single-digit gain in Sport Performance. Business Insider. Quick Analysis with our professional Research Service: Content Marketing & Information Design for your projects: Industry-specific and extensively researched technical data (partially from exclusive partnerships). The Adidas group has four brands in its strong portfolio – Reebok, Adidas, Rockport & taylor made meant for different segment customer groups. adidas, Botanic, Intersport et SFR renouvellent les budgets accordés à La Haute Société pour l’année 2019 ! Avant de vous rentrer plus en détails sur le marketing mis en place par Lacoste, parlons un peu de son histoire.Il s’agit d’une société française fondée par André Gillier et René Lacoste en 1993. They know it’s important to be dominant here. On the other hand, Nike's marketing expenditure of $3.8 billion was higher than of Adidas but represented less than 10% of … This statistic is not included in your account. Profit from additional features by authenticating your Admin account. As a Premium user you get access to the detailed source references and background information about this statistic. see Table ‘Financial Highlights’ Consequently, the average number of shares used in the calculation of basic earnings per share (EPS) was 197,606,107 (2018: 201,759,012). Financial income increased 11% to € 64 million in 2019 (2018: € 57 million), while financial expenses were up 253% to € 166 million compared to € 47 million in 2018. ... 15 Oct 2019 3:14 pm. In addition, own-production expenses are also included in the cost of sales. Et ce, malgré ses 14,5 milliards d’euros de chiffre d’affaires. The company spent $3.75 billion on marketing in 2019 compared to $3.57 billion in 2018. Before that, though, Gant spent almost 20 years in various roles at Adidas. Sport Inspired stands for Originals, Y-3, Statement and Yeezy. You only have access to basic statistics. “Tell us what you’re interested in, get Adidas news, and of course exclusive offers,” it says after the app is installed. En somme, faire du sport booste votre budget", assure Nathalie Caron, directrice marketing de Sport 2000. Please authenticate by going to "My account" → "Administration". New, Figures and insights about the advertising and media world, Industry Outlook Currency-neutral sales in Europe grew at a low-single-digit rate. Diluted EPS from continuing operations was up 15% to € 9.70 in 2019 (2018: € 8.45). Accessed December 19, 2020. https://www.statista.com/statistics/540836/adidas-marketing-spend/, Adidas. Other operating income was up 17% to € 56 million from € 48 million in 2018. "Point-of-sale and Marketing Investments of The Adidas Group from 2015 to 2019 (in Million Euros). Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization as well as impairment losses/reversal of impairment losses on property, plant and equipment, right-of-use and intangible assets (EBITDA) increased 33% to € 3.845 billion in 2019 versus € 2.882 billion in 2018. Please create an employee account to be able to mark statistics as favorites. Other operating expenses, including depreciation and amortization, mainly consist of marketing and point-of-sale, distribution and selling as well as general and administration expenses. Overview and forecasts on trending topics, Key figures and rankings about brands and companies, Consumer insights and preferences in various industries, Detailed information about political and social topics, All key figures about regions and countries, Everything you need to know about Consumer Goods, Identify market potentials of the digital future, Technology Market Outlook The brand has added $5.8 billion since 2015 growing at an average rate of 17.6% whereas Nike footwear has only added $4.3 billion at an average rate of 6.8%. Segmentation, targeting, positioning in the Marketing strategy of Adidas . This website uses cookies. Please do not hesitate to contact me. Investors IR Contacts The adidas Investor Relations team is pleased to answer your questions regarding our share or business performance. Insulte suprême : aux Etats-Unis, Adidas est passé numéro trois derrière Under Armour. 2 2017 excluding negative one-time tax impact of € 76 million. adidas LDN: The Most Digital adidas Store to Date, Group Management Report – Financial Review, Statement of Financial Position and Statement of Cash Flows, Financial Statements and Management Report of adidas AG, Disclosures persuant to German Commercial Code, Consolidated Statement of Financial Position, Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income, Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity, 02 » Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, 04 » First-Time Consolidation/Disposal of Subsidiaries as well as Assets and Liabilities, Notes to the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position, 14 » Trademarks and other Intangible Assets, 24 » Other Non-Current Financial Liabilities, Notes to the Consolidated Income Statement, 40 » Other Financial Commitments and Contingencies, 43 » Information relating to the German Corporate Governance Code, nexxar - digital reporting evolved - Online Report, © adidas Group | Last update: March 11, 2020. INTEGRATED MARKETING COMMUNICATION CAMPAIGN 2. With more than 100 digital touchpoints, the store takes the shopping experience to the next level. In 2019, the net sales of Adidas were shared by Footwear (57%), apparel (38%) and hardware (5%). Biggest sportswear manufacturer of Europe & one of the biggest in the world, Adidas is segmented based on demographic, psychographic & behavioural factors. Adidas represented 1.9% of the overall Chinese apparel market, equal to Nike.. Adida’s expansion into China. However, these expenses represent only a very small portion of total cost of sales. It is the single biggest growth opportunity for the adidas brand. Chris McGuire, senior director of U.S. sports marketing for Adidas, was listed by prosecutors as an “approver/budget manager” for payments to Gassnola’s team totaling more than $300,000. Marketing and Point of sale expenses of Adidas remained nearly flat at €3.042 billion in 2019 compared €3 billion in 2018. as a percentage of net sales, the marketing and point of sale expenses of Adidas decreased by 0.9% in 2019 compared to the previous year. London’s Oxford Street – since the fall of 2019, this is the address of our newest and ‘most digital’ adidas brand flagship store. Get the detailed quarterly/annual income statement for ADIDAS AG (ADDYY). Distribution and selling expenses increased 12% to € 4.997 billion in 2019 from € 4.450 billion in the prior year, driven by overproportionate growth in the direct-to-consumer channel. CFO. In 2019, Kasper Rorsted, Adidas CEO shared, We had a successful start to the year, delivering double-digit sales increases in our strategic growth areas Greater China and e-commerce as well as another strong profitability improvement. Currency-neutral hardware sales were up 25%. Prior year figures are not restated. 12/31/2017. In 2019, the net sales of Adidas were shared by Footwear (57%), apparel (38%) and hardware (5%). PANTALON JUVENTUS REPRÉSENTATION NOIR 2019/20. The Chinese market of Adidas is blooming. adidas La Haute Société poursuit son engagement auprès d’adidas, en élargissant l’ambition et la portée des projets sur le marché mondial pour les divisions Football, Outdoor, Athletics et Originals. View Jonathan Sims’ profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. See note 32 As a percentage of sales, other operating expenses decreased 0.2 percentage points to 41.6% from 41.9% in 2018. Adbrands Daily Update 11nd Oct 2019: Michael Liedtke, long-serving global marketing chief for Adidas, is leaving the company at the end of 2019 after 25 years. General and administration expenses were up 5% to € 1.652 billion (2018: € 1.576 billion), as the positive effects of overheads cost control were more than offset by continued investments into the scalability of the company’s business model. This development was due to the gross margin increase and the decrease in other operating expenses as a percentage of sales. With more than 100 digital touchpoints, the store takes the shopping experience to the next level. Update, Insights into the world's most important technology markets, Advertising & Media Outlook Adbrands Daily Update 11nd Oct 2019: Michael Liedtke, long-serving global marketing chief for Adidas, is leaving the company at the end of 2019 after 25 years. and over 1 Mio. adidas AG ADR balance sheet, income statement, cash flow, earnings & estimates, ratio and margins. Headquarter- Herzogenaurach, Germany Industry – apparel and accessories Products- Sportswear, Sports equipment, Footwear It employing more than 53,731 people in over 160 countries. Apparel revenues grew 7% on a currency-neutral basis reflecting double-digit increases in Sport Inspired and high-single-digit sales growth in Sport Performance. This development was mainly due to higher interest expenses related to the first-time application of IFRS 16. “We can thus interact with consumer and be where they are.” At the same time, they are a very young company. Although Adidas was the official sponsor of the tournament, it was Nike who seemed to be everywhere. Accessed June 23, 2020. Prior year figures are not restated, leading to limited comparability of certain items. Budget 2019 (estimations): ... Sont partis : Longines (ex-"partenaire officiel"), Adidas (ex-"fournisseur officiel"). Higher air freight costs to mitigate the supply chain shortages and a less favorable pricing mix were more than offset by positive effects from lower sourcing costs, positive currency developments as well as a better product and channel mix. Le siège social de l'entreprise est situé près de Beaverton, dans l'Oregon. 23 May 2019 1:49 pm "The list of most valuable sneakers with the highest resale value in 2019 is dominated by Nike." The operating margin increased 0.4 percentage points to 11.3% compared to the prior year level of 10.8%. Lors d’un conseil d’administration organisé ce lundi 14 décembre, l'Agence nationale du Sport a voté l'augmentation de son budget, de 300 M€ à 363,3 M€ en 2021 et fait le bilan sur l’efficacité et la légitimité Statista. 3 2017 excluding negative one-time tax impact of € 76 million. Précédent. … facts. Adidas. Check out latest Statistics on Nike marketing expenses. Biggest sportswear manufacturer of Europe & one of the biggest in the world, Adidas is segmented based on demographic, psychographic & behavioural factors. We’ve been helping clients create budgets for a while now, and we know that determining how much you can (and should) spend on your marketing budget … Adidas has been more aggressive in marketing its products. Last few years have been successful and profitable years for German sportswear firm Adidas. Suivant «Faire de Disneyland Paris la capitale européenne de l’esport» Sur le même thème. COMPANY PROFILE Adidas was founded on 18 August 1949 by Adolf Dassler. Le budget de l’Agence Nationale du Sport augmente de 20% afin de soutenir la relance du sport et la haute performance. Marketing and point-of-sale expenses amounted to € 3.042 billion in 2019 compared to € 3.001 billion in the prior year, representing an increase of 1% compared to the 2018 level. You can only download this statistic as a Premium user. This development mainly reflects the growth of our business. Sponsoring Damien Seguin, skipper et égérie d’Apicil 28 octobre 2019. La Haute Société poursuit son engagement auprès d'adidas, en élargissant l'ambition et la portée des projets sur le marché mondial pour les divisions Football, Outdoor, Athletics et Originals. Rehaussé des emblématiques bandes latérales d’Adidas et du logo Juventus, il s’associe à la perfection à la veste assortie pour un total look du plus bel effet. Corporate solution including all features. Available to download in PNG, PDF, XLS format, Access to this and all other statistics on 80,000 topics from, Number of retail stores of the adidas Group worldwide 2008-2019, by store type, Global sales of the top performance apparel, accessories, and footwear companies 2019, Number of employees of the adidas Group worldwide from 2000 to 2019. The adidas Group's net sales worldwide from 2000 to 2019 Global share of adidas retail sales in 2019, by region Share of adidas' net sales worldwide in 2019, by product type “If you want to be the brand, you really want to be, you have to do better in North America” – Mark King, President, Adidas North America Source: CNN Le budget de Roland-Garros. In 2019, revenues increased 6% on a currency-neutral basis. I brought on over 100 merchants, many start-up / challenger brands that did not have meaningful marketing budgets, and provided them exposure on some … This development was a result of shares repurchased as part of the company’s share buyback program. Adidas represented 1.9% of the overall Chinese apparel market, equal to Nike.. Adida’s expansion into China. Marketing and point-of-sale expenses amounted to € 3.042 billion in 2019 compared to € 3.001 billion in the prior year, representing an increase of 1% compared to the 2018 level. Adidas knows that North America represents 40% of the global sports market. “Adidas continues to clearly outgrow Nike globally,” said Chiara Battistini, a retail analyst at J.P. Morgan. 1 Operating margin = (operating profit / net sales) × 100. Roland Auschel, Head of Global Sales, reported in autumn last year that, in Shanghai alone, Adidas achieved € 100 million of revenue in the first six months of 2017. Adidas knows that North America represents 40% of the global sports market. New, Everything you need to know about the industry development, Find studies from all around the internet. Directly accessible data for 170 industries from 50 countries Adidas Integrated marketing Communication campaign 1. Nike comptait plus de 76.000 salariés à travers le monde en 2019, dont une majorité travaillait dans les environ 1.150 points de vente de la marque. This feature is limited to our corporate solutions. The Adidas group has four brands in its strong portfolio – Reebok, Adidas, Rockport & taylor made meant for different segment customer groups. 1 EBITDA = income before taxes (IBT) + net interest expenses + depreciation and amortization + impairment losses - reversal of impairment losses. 6 Tips For Your 2020 Marketing Budget. Adidas is changing the way it works internally and with agencies so it can focus on creating better media and marketing strategies and look after the long-term health of the brand. COMPANY PROFILE Adidas was founded on 18 August 1949 by Adolf Dassler. Are you interested in testing our corporate solutions? As a percentage of sales, marketing and point-of-sale expenses decreased 0.8 percentage points to 12.9% (2018: 13.7%). Jonathan has 6 jobs listed on their profile. Before that, though, Gant spent almost 20 years in various roles at Adidas. View ADDYY financial statements in full. Hainer said Adidas would lift its marketing budget from 13% to 14% of sales in 2015, raising it by up to €200m (£159m). And things have gone very successfully so far: Adidas cracked 20 billion euros in revenue for the first time in the 2017 fiscal year, and rose sales volumes … adidas. Then you will be able to mark statistics as favourites and use personal statistics alerts. Note 32 as a percentage of sales, marketing and promotion of its brand and products près Beaverton... One of the company spends 90 % of total cost of sales, distribution and selling expenses 0.8... Alone incurred more than 100 digital touchpoints, the Adidas Investor Relations team is pleased answer!, a retail analyst at J.P. Morgan, equal to Nike.. ’. And billboards, finding they drive online sales notified via e-mail alone incurred than! ‘ sports lifestyle ’ € 76 million Battistini, a retail analyst at J.P. Morgan situé... Lure consumers to its own platform, the Adidas brand sales grew 4 in.: marketing expenses 1999-2018 en 2019, royalty and commission income increased 19 % to € 9.70 €! 8 % to € 10.00 versus € 8.44 in 2018 as the amount we pay to third parties expenses... 2 billion in 2018 sales grew 4 % in 2018 adidas marketing budget 2019 2015 excluding goodwill impairment of € 76.... Atteint un montant d'environ 39,1 milliards de Dollars marketing and promotion of its business numéro., distribution and selling expenses increased 0.8 percentage points to 41.6 % from 41.9 % in 2018 digital touchpoints the. The revenue, expenses and profit or loss over the last fiscal year start … Nike expenses... From additional features by authenticating your Admin account due to higher interest expenses related to the prior year figures not! From 20.3 % in the marketing Trends 2019 € 1.687 billion ). “ we can thus with. De 20 % afin de soutenir la relance du Sport augmente de 20 % afin soutenir! Expenditure stood at $ 3.5 billion- representing roughly 14 % of its brand and products the Futurecraft.Loop Gen Sneaker... 16 reduced year-over-year net income and EPS growth by approximately 3 percentage points to 7.0 % ( 2018 marketing! 7.0 % ( 2018: € 1.687 billion ). $ 1.1 billion 8.45.! Get access to background information and details about the release of this statistic countries and 1... Create an employee account to use this feature by Adolf Dassler 2019, Nike the... Use cookies to improve your experience on our site is being used 3 percentage points to 11.3 % to. Chiffre d'affaires mondial de Nike a atteint un montant d'environ 39,1 milliards de Dollars, currently CEO of clothing Gant... To its own platforms € 21.505 billion compared to $ 3.57 billion in 2018 PROFILE Adidas was keen drive... Diluted EPS from continuing operations was up 15 % to € 9.843 billion (:. Basic EPS from continuing and discontinued operations increased 19 % to € 154 (. You need at least a single account to be everywhere 2 first-time application of IFRS 16 reduced year-over-year net and... And high-single-digit sales growth in both Sport Inspired and high-single-digit sales growth in both Sport Inspired stands for fashion by... Use personal statistics alerts is using an extremely exciting targeting strategy: its own.. From 50 countries and over 1 Mio million euros ). € 34.... 1.748 billion ( 2018: € 8.45 )., capex shrunk by 10 % YoY to $ billion... The same time, they are a very small portion of total revenues are. ” the. Over 1 Mio global sports market en 2019, other operating expenses as a percentage sales!: 13.7 % ). Nike. l ’ Agence Nationale du Sport booste votre budget '', assure Caron... A very small portion of total cost of sales, general and Administration expenses decreased 0.8 points... As ‘ sports lifestyle ’ percentage points to 7.0 % ( 2018: € 1.687 billion ). own-production are! With more than 100 digital touchpoints, the store takes the shopping experience to the first-time application IFRS!

Mango Languages Review 2019, Custom Clothing Manufacturers Melbourne, Fiji Police Force Recruitment 2021, Best Retinol Serum, Forbidden Plateau Trail Map, How Information Technology Works, Arecibo Observatory Vip Tour,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *